In uniform horizontal circular motion, how are the vertical forces balanced?

Asked Arjun M Nair

Answer:

If you are considering an object tied to a string and whirled with uniform speed in a horizontal plane, the object will be moving in a horizontal plane but the string has to make a certain angle with the horizontal so that the tension can be resolved in such a way that the horizontal component provides the centripetal force and the vertical component balances the weight of the body.

The motion will become almost entirely in a horizontal plane when the centripetal force is much larger than the weight of the particle.

The case of rid body structures the situation is complex, but as long as there are no vertical accelerations, the vertical components of forces will be balanced.

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