A passenger in a moving train tossed a coin which falls behind him .State the type of motion of the train ?
The train is in accelerated motion.
If the train were moving with uniform velocity, the coin would fall back to the passenger’s hand (This is due to the inertia of motion of the coin. When it was thrown ‘vertically’ up, it had the same horizontal velocity as that of the train. Therefore, it will move alongwith the train and fall back to the thrower’s hand)
If the train is accelerated, the horizontal velocity of the train would be more than that of the coin (which remains constant through out its flight) by the time the coin returns. Therefore, the train travels a greater horizontal distance than the coin and the coin falls behind the passenger.
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The speed of a train changes from36km/h to 72km/h in 10sec. calculate the distance travelled during this time
u=36km/h = 10 m/s
v=72 km/h=20 m/s
use v = u+ at to find a
a = 1 m/s2
Use v2-u2=2aS to find S
S = (400-100)/2 = 150 m
An 8000 kg engine pulls 40000 kg train alonged a level track and gives an acceleration of 1.2m/s2. Find the accelaration produced by same engine on a train of mass 16000kg?
Force exerted by the engine = mass of train x acceleration = 40000 x 1.2=48000N
When the same engine pulls a 16000 kg train, the acceleration = 48000/16000=3m/s2
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Why the railway track are laid on large sized wooden or iron sleepers?
(SHARANYA posted this question)
Trains have huge masses and rails are narrow. Therefore if they are directly put on earth, they will sink down due to the extreme pressure it would exert on earth when run over by the train. So they are laid on wooden or iron sleepers of large area so that pressure on earth is reduced.
Pressure = Force /Area.
As area increases pressure decreases.