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Physics of Diving

When a high diver in a swimming event springs from the board and “tucks in”, a rapid spin result. Why is this?

Answer: This is the consequence of conservation of angular momentum.

The angular momentum of a body is the product of Moment of inertia (A measure of rotational inertia and it depends on the mass as well as distribution of mass about the axis of rotation. Farther the masses, greater will be the rotational inertia) and the angular velocity (The speed of rotation)

The angular momentum of a body remains unchanged in the absence of any external torque.

When the diver dives, he is giving his body a turning and takes off with his limbs stretched. In the stretched position, the moment of inertia is more. When he “tucks in”, the moment of inertia decreases. But since this happens without any external torque, it would result in an increase in angular velocity so as to keep the angular momentum constant.

Difference between Scalar Product and Vector Product

“What is the difference between dot product and cross product?” [The question was posted by Salman)

What is meant by momentum?

Momentum is the quantity of  motion .Any thing in the universe is characterized by the quantity associated with it. In motion both mass and velocity contribute to its quantity. Momentum is the product of mass and velocity.

Difference between dot product and cross product

Shashi Kant asked:

“What is difference between cross product and dot product?”

 

Answer:

If the product of two vectors is a scalar quantity it is called scalar product or dot product.

If the product of two vectors is a vector quantity it is called vector product or cross product.

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