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## Capacitance, voltage and Potential difference

the capacity of parallel plate condenser is 5 micro Faraday. When a glass plate is placed between the plates of the conductor  its potential become 1/8th of the original value. The value of dielectric constant will be
(A)1.6
(B)5
(C)8
(D)40

The charge remains same

Use Cm=KCo
and
V reduced to 1/8 means capacitance increased 8 times since Q=CV

## Potential Difference

“What is meant by potential difference?”

“Potential Difference between two points is the difference in Potential between the two points and is equal to the work done per unit charge ion carrying a positive test charge from one point to another against the electric field and without any acceleration”

## de Broglie Wavelength

Alpha particle and a proton are accelerated from rest by the same potential. Find the ratio of their de- broglie wavelength

Charge of alpha particle = 2e

Mass of alpha particle = 4 u

Charge of proton = e

mass of proton = u

The energy acquired by proton when accelerated through a pd of V,

E=eV

The momentum acquired by proton=

The de Broglie wavelength is given by

Therefore, de Broglie wavelength of Proton,

Similarly,

## Differences Between EMF and Potential Difference

What is main relationship between EMF and potiential difference?

## Difference between emf and pd

EMF stands for electromotive force.

EMF of a cell is equal to the potential difference between the two terminals of a cell when no current is drawn from it.

Pd (potential difference) between any two points on a circuit is defined as the work done per unit charge in carrying a positive test charge from one point to the other. With reference to a cell, the potential difference between the terminals of a cell when a current is drawn from it is called terminal voltage.

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