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If vacuum has no mass …. then why isn’t a light beam accelerated in space ?? – Asks Akil Raj
The speed of light in a medium or in vacuum is constant. It is neither accelerated or decelerated while propagating. But, the speed of light in a (optically) denser medium is less than the speed of light in an optically rarer medium.
The speed of light is maximum in vacuum and it is constant and is equal to 299792458 m/s as theoretically established by electromagnetic wave theory too.
9If you look at it this way; “In vacuum there is no particle to oppose the propagation of light, therefore it should travel with a constant velocity, because to increase or decrease the velocity some external influence is essential)