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# Tag Archives: multiverse

## Multiverse

Aashuthosh.B.Sai asked

We know that it is multiverse and not universe.we also know that a universe expands continuously.if so then wont there be a point when all the expanding universes collide each other and stop expanding?

## M – Theory, String Theory and more

Nijisha’s Question: There are various forces we see in nature, and among them, gravitational force is the weakest. If we think about it ,the entire earth is pulling on us and yet we can manage to pick thinks up. I’ve heard somewhere that we can explain this weakness of gravitational force with the help of extra dimensions ( Something related to M theory? ). Can you explain this theory ?

**Ans**:

It’s a little bit difficult to discuss in detail the M theory in detail as such at School level. However, I’ll try to give a brief idea about it.

**M-theory** is an extension of string theory in which **11 dimensions** are identified. This is a theory currently in development

To quote from Wikipedia:

“In the 1980s, a new mathematical model of theoretical physics called string theory emerged. It showed how all the particles, and all of the forms of energy in the universe, could be constructed by hypothetical one-dimensional “strings,” infinitely small building-blocks that have only the dimension of length, but not height or width. Further, string theory suggested that the universe is made up of multiple dimensions. We are familiar with height, width, and length as three dimensional space, and time gives a total of four observable dimensions. However, string theories initially supported the possibility of ten dimensions—the remaining 6 of which we can’t detect directly. This was later increased to 11 dimensions based on various interpretations of the ten dimensional theory”

In **M-theory** may stand for membrane. (Some claim M for mother, matrix,mystery etc)

M-Theory brought all of the string theories together. It did this by asserting that strings are really 1-dimensional slices of a 2-dimensional membrane vibrating in 11-dimensional space.

Though M – Theory is developed mathematically, it is not proved physically. Scientists and Mathematicians take M-Theory as the only theory developed so far which can explain all the aspects of Universe (or multiverse) as a whole. But, I am sure, new theories will come and take over as we develop our understanding further.

**Stephen Hawking’s** New work **The Grand Design** talks about the **Multiverse** and the God’s intervention in the creation of Universe (which he says not necessary)

Ref:

(* I fear that I’ve brought more unknowns in explaining the one unknown. However, it will be good if the discussion goes on*.)

## Worthy links from Physics World

We found these links worthy to read.

# The flawed multiverse

*The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations that Transform the World*

David Deutsch

*Geek Nation: How Indian Science is Taking Over the World*

Angela Saini

*The Quantum Story: a History in 40 Moments*

Jim Baggott