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CENTRIPETAL FORCE MISCONCEPTION

For a circular motion centripetal force is required. Is there any other force which could replace centripetal force to obtain a circular motion? (Asked Sajin)

Answer:

centripetal forcePlease note that Centripetal Force is the net force that must be acting towards the centre of the circular path. It may be provided by one or more of the forces of different kinds. It is not a kind of force like the frictional force or gravitational force. In different cases the centripetal force is provided by different forces.

For example, when we whirl a stone tied to the end of a rope in a horizontal plane, the tension in the string provides the centripetal force. Here the real force acting is the tension in the string and its magnitude equals the centripetal force mv^2/r.

Read more at the following links

  1. http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/cf.html
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centripetal_force
  3. http://www.physicsclassroom.com/Class/circles/u6l1c.cfm

Numerical from Motion and Force for CBSE Class 9 SA1

A steam engine of mass 30000 kg pulls 2 wagons each of mass 20000 kg with an acceleration of 0.2 m/s/s. neglecting frictional force calculate (i) the force exerted by the engine (ii) the force experienced by each wagon

(Srija posted)

Answer:

In this case the engine is pulling the rest of the wagons.

The force exerted by the engine = total mass of the wagons x acceleration = 2 x 20000 x 0.2 = 8000 N

Each wagon experiences a net force = 20000 x 0.2 = 4000 N

An Idea for Cycle Rickshaw

Sumit Asks:

Sir,
   While seeing a rickshaw puller struggling to pull heavy weight,I wondered if the load carried by him can be reduced for carrying same weight people.Since the load carried by him is dependent on the horizontal component of frictional force (i.e,µ.mgsinØ) ,cant we apply a spring in the rickshaw so that the effective weight will decrease and hence the load carried by him?

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