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dual nature of matter.pdf
COMP-Sc AND IP
How can an alternating current change its direction while moving in a wire or any conductor? Why direct currents aren’t used in Home circuits?
Alternating current is produced by rotating a coil in a strong magnetic field (or by rotating magnet around the coil)
So, during every half rotation the direction of emf (voltage) induced in the coil reverses and hence the current too reverses its direction. The frequency of ac in India is 50 Hz and therefore in every 1 sec there will be 100 changes in direction.
Alternating currents are suitable for long distance as it can be stepped up using transformer to minimize energy loss and can be stepped down for use at home.
What ere Eddy currents and what is their application?
Eddy currents (also called Foucault currents) are currents induced in conductors, when the magnetic flux linked with a solid conductor changes. The change in magnetic flux can cause a circulating flow of electrons, or a current, within the body of the conductor.
The term eddy current comes from analogous currents seen in water.
Eddy current adjustable-speed drives
Electric meters (Electromechanical Induction Meters)
Eddy current brakes
Proximity sensor (Displacement sensors)
Traffic Detection Systems
Vending machines (detection of coins)
Coating Thickness Measurements
Sheet Resistance Measurement
Eddy current separator for metal separation
Safety Hazard and defect detection applications
what’s effect of coulombic forces on conductor medium ?
In a conductor, the coulombian repulsive forces pushes the valence electrons and the electrons move away from the center to the surface ie from the region of stronger force to the region of lesser force, creating a Faraday cage
Is potential difference is directly proptional to resistance? (atanu asks)
For a constant current, the potential difference is directly proportional to the resistance included in the circuit.
For a given conductor at constant temperature, resistance is a constant and the potential difference across it is directly proportional to the current passed through it.