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Friction – a numerical

a force of 20 N is applied parallel to the surface of a horizontal table is just sufficient to make a block of mass 4.kg move on the table calculate the coefficient of friction between the block and the table

A few numerical problems from laws of motion

  1. A worker pulls a 200. N packing crate with an applied force of 55.0 N.  The crate accelerates at a rate of 0.250  m/s(squared).  What is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the crate and the factory floor?
  2. A student pulls a 150. N sled up a 28 degree slope at a constant speed by applying a force of 100. N.  Near the top of the hill he releases the sled.  With what acceleration does the sled go down the hill?
  3. A 200. N crate rests on a ramp; the maximum angle just before it slips is 25 degrees with the horizontal.  What is the coefficient of static friction between the crate and the surface of the ramp?
  4. A man pulls a sled with a weight of 200. N with a constant velocity across a horizontal snow surface.  If a force of 80N is being applied to the sled rope at an angle of 53 degrees to the ground, what is the coefficient of friction between the sled and the ground?
  5. A jet plane is flying with  a constant speed along a straight line at an angle of 30degree  above the horizontal. The weight of plane is 86 500N. Its engine provides a forward thrust T of 103 000N. The lift of force L(directed perpendicular to the wings)and the force R of air resistance (directed opposite to the motion)act on the plane. Find L & R

A few Numerical Problems from Mechanics

ninzyy posted:

PLEASE ANSWER AT LEAST ONE OF THESE QUESTIONS WITH EXPLANATIONS IF POSSIBLE. ITS DUE TOMORROW!!! PLEASE HELP!

1. A 12 kg block sliding at 6.5 m/s along a level floor encounters rough area where the coefficient of friction is 0.20. The rough area is 5 meters long. How fast will the block be moving as it leaves the rough area? Where did the energy go?

2. A 800 kg car traveling southward at 9.2 m/s collides with a 900 kg car traveling northward at 4.5 m/s.?
The cars become entangled. What is the speed and direction of the cars immediately following the collision?

3. A 6kg block slides down a 2.0 m long frictionless ramp which is inclined 40 degrees above the ground.?
a) find the height of the top of the ramp and then determine the speed at the bottom of the ramp.

b) If the block collides with, and sticks to a 8.2 kg block which had been at rest at the bottom of the ramp, how fast would they now move?

c) Determine how much energy the two blocks have after the collision.

ANSWERS

1. The problem can be solved using work energy theorem

i.e; work done against friction = change in KE

Substitute the values and you will get the answer.

2. This is an example for inelastic collision.

According to the law of conservation of momentum,

total momentum before collision = total momentum after collision

Taking northwards as positive and southwards as negative,

Substitute in the formula

Substitute the values of m1, m2, v1 and v2 and you can calculate the value of v.

If v is positive, it will be towards north and if negative it will be towards south.

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