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## Work Energy Problem

A 2kg hammer with a speed of 40m/s strikes a 100g nail driving it into a wooden block. If there is no dissipation of energy in this process and the frictional force applied by the wooden block is 8000N, how deep would be nail penetrate into the block?

## Principle of Working of Microwave Oven

Why is it called a microwave oven?
Who invented it?
What is the principle of its working?

A microwave oven is used to cook (or heat) food with the help of microwaves produced by magnetron – the device producing microwaves in the oven. Microwave ovens are so quick and efficient because they channel heat energy directly to the molecules (tiny particles) inside food.

### Who invented Microwave Oven?

Percy Spencer is generally credited with inventing the modern microwave oven after World War II from radar technology developed during the war. Named the “Radarange”, it was first sold in 1946. Raytheon later licensed its patents for a home-use microwave oven that was first introduced by Tappan in 1955, but these units were still too large and expensive for general home use. The countertop microwave oven was first introduced in 1967 by the Amana Corporation, and their use has spread into commercial and residential kitchens around the world.

### Working of microwave oven

A microwave oven, commonly referred to as a microwave, is a kitchen appliance that heats and cooks food by exposing it to electromagnetic radiation in the microwave spectrum. This induces polar molecules in the food to rotate and produce thermal energy in a process known as dielectric heating. Microwave ovens heat foods quickly and efficiently because excitation is fairly uniform in the outer25–38 mm (1–1.5 inches) of a homogenous (high water content) food item; food is more evenly heated throughout (except in heterogeneous, dense objects) than generally occurs in other cooking techniques.

A microwave oven heats food by passing microwave radiation through it. Microwaves are a form of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation with a frequency higher than ordinary radio waves but lower than infrared light. Microwave ovens use frequencies in one of the ISM (industrial, scientific, medical) bands, which are reserved for this use, so they don’t interfere with other vital radio services. Consumer ovens usually use 2.45 gigahertz (GHz)—a wavelength of 12.2 centimetres (4.80 in)—while large industrial/commercial ovens often use 915 megahertz (MHz)—32.8 centimetres (12.9 in). Water, fat, and other substances in the food absorb energy from the microwaves in a process called dielectric heating. Many molecules (such as those of water) are electric dipoles, meaning that they have a partial positive charge at one end and a partial negative charge at the other, and therefore rotate as they try to align themselves with the alternating electric field of the microwaves. Rotating molecules hit other molecules and put them into motion, thus dispersing energy. This energy, when dispersed as molecular vibration in solids and liquids (i.e. as both potential energy and kinetic energy of atoms), is heat.

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## Relativity?

Charan asked: Suppose that you are a person 1 standing on a planet.You could see a person 2 moving in a space craft.2 has a mirror(on the surface of planet) exactly at is down which is moving exactly with the same speed that space craft is moving(and also,the line of translatory motion of both the craft and mirror are parallel to each other).If 2 has shot a beam of light from the bottom of space ship,as the mirror is moving exactly with the space craft;for 2,the path of light is straight line and gets reflected back along the same path in time t.If you are observing the whole thing from the surface of planet,for you,the path of light would obviously be ‘V’ shaped(let the time taken be t’).As the ‘V’ shaped path is longer than straight path and speed of light is same for observers,the time measured by 2 is obviously not the same as you measure.If you are considered to be reference frame,will the clock of 2 appear to be moving slower than yours?

You can now Download AISSCE 2015 CBSE Physics Board Question Paper and solution HERE

## Numericals from Newton’s Laws of motion based on F=ma (For calss XI students of Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom)

Download the questions and solve them and submit on or before 9 Oct 2014

1. A force acts for 10 s on a body of mass 10 kg after which the force ceases and the body describes 50 m in the next 5 s. Find the magnitude of the force. [Ans: 10 N]
2. A  truck starts from rest and rolls down a hill with constant acceleration. It travels a distance od 400 m in 20s. Calculate the acceleration and the force acting on it if its mass is 7 metric tonnes. [Ans: 2 m/s2, 14000N]
3. A motor car running aat the rate of 7 m/s can be stopped by applying brakes in 10 m. Show that total resistance to the motion, when the brakes are on is one fourth of the weight of the car.
4. In an Xray machine, an electron is subjected top a force of 10-23 N. In how much time the electron will cover a distance of 0.1 m,? Take the mass of the electron = 10-30 kg

## Numericals from Newton’s Laws of motion based on F=ma (For calss XI students of Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom)

Download the questions and solve them and submit on or before 9 Oct 2014

1. A force acts for 10 s on a body of mass 10 kg after which the force ceases and the body describes 50 m in the next 5 s. Find the magnitude of the force. [Ans: 10 N]
2. A  truck starts from rest and rolls down a hill with constant acceleration. It travels a distance od 400 m in 20s. Calculate the acceleration and the force acting on it if its mass is 7 metric tonnes. [Ans: 2 m/s2, 14000N]
3. A motor car running aat the rate of 7 m/s can be stopped by applying brakes in 10 m. Show that total resistance to the motion, when the brakes are on is one fourth of the weight of the car.
4. In an Xray machine, an electron is subjected top a force of 10-23 N. In how much time the electron will cover a distance of 0.1 m,? Take the mass of the electron = 10-30 kg

## Doubts from Faraday’s Experiments on electromagnetic induction

I wanna ask that in faradays’s first experiment with coil and magnet,when the magnet is moved away from coil the deflection in galvanometer becomes opposite as compared to first case…..what leads to this and if that means direction of current becomes opposite so HOW and WHY the direction of this changes…..plz can you tell me the practical reason of this…..its really confusing me!!!

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