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Explain a method to create Uniform Electric Field.

Relativistic electromagnetism (fig. 1): Two op...
Two oppositely charged plates produce a uniform electric field even when moving.(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

The simplest method of creating a uniform electric field in a region is to keep two  equally charged thin plain metal sheets of opposite charge parallel to each other. As you can see from the derivation for electric field due to a plain sheet of charge, the electric field due to a plain sheet of charge is independent of distance (provided the distance is not large compared to the dimensions of the plain sheet of charge).

 

So, if you keep two plain metal sheets of same charge densities but opposite kind of charge, we get a fairly good uniform electric field in between the plates.

 

At regions close to a uniformly charged thin sheet also we get a uniform electric field, but as distance increases it may tend to become non uniform.

 

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