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Physics Video Project

The video project was given in 2008 for XI class students of Meghalaya. The best video among them is posted here. Though there are some errors, the video is inspiring to note the work done entirely from scratch by the XI Class students.

Transformers

A hypothetical ideal transformer considered as...

A hypothetical ideal transformer considered as a circuit element, consisting of N P turns in the primary winding, and N S in the secondary. Electrical power supplied to the primary circuit is delivered to the load in secondary circuit by means of mutual induction. The time-varying magnetic flux in the core generates an electromagnetic force over each of the windings. The voltage and current relationships are shown below. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Please explain what is transformer and tell what is the reason behind the working of transformer that it reduces potenial when current is high and increases potential when current is low?

Explain widely and deeply with concepts.

Answer:

Transformer is a device based on mutual inductance and is used to change the voltage of alternating (or varying) current. There are two types of transformers – stepup and stepdown.

A step-up transformer increases the voltage as the step-down transformer decreases the ac voltage.

When a transformer changes the alternating voltage, it is not adding any power, it only transforms the voltage.

As power is the product of voltage and current, as voltage increases, the current decreases. (and vice versa)

The following links will help you understand transformers in great detail.





Learn Physics Through Videos (Khan Academy)

One-dimensional motion

In this tutorial we begin to explore ideas of velocity and acceleration. We do exciting things like throw things off cliffs (far safer on paper than in real life) and see how high a ball will fly in the air.
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Two-dimensional motion

You understand velocity and acceleration well in one-dimension. Now we can explore scenarios that are even more fun. With a little bit of trigonometry (you might want to review your basic trig, especially what sin and cos are), we can think about whether a baseball can clear the “green monster” at Fenway Park.
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Forces and Newton’s laws of motion

This is the meat of much of classical physics. We think about what a force is and how Newton changed the world’s (and possibly your) view of how reality works.
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Work and energy

“Energy” is a word that’s used a lot. Here, you’ll learn about how it’s one of the most useful concepts in physics. Along the way, we’ll talk about work, kinetic energy, potential energy, conservation of energy, and mechanical advantage.
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Impacts and linear momentum

Momentum ties velocity and mass into one quantity. It might not be obvious why this is useful, but momentum has this cool property where the total amount of it never changes. This is called the conservation of momentum, and we can use it to analyze collisions and other interactions. Bam!
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Moments, torque, and angular momentum

Everything you’ve learned about motion, forces, energy, and momentum can be reused to analyze rotating objects. There are some differences, though. Here, you’ll learn about rotational motion, moments, torque, and angular momentum.
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Gravitation

Gravity is the force of attraction between masses. It’s the thing that pulls you down to earth. Here, you’ll learn precise meanings of the words mass and weight, and you’ll also learn how gravity affects falling near earth and orbits in space.
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Oscillatory motion

Pendulums. Slinkies. You when you have to use the bathroom but it is occupied. These all go back and forth over and over and over again. This tutorial explores this type of motion.
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Fluids

Atmospheric pressure is like an invisible friend who is always squeezing you with a big hug. Learn more about pressure, buoyant force, and flowing fluid so you can appreciate the sometimes invisible, but crucial, effect they have on us and the world around us.
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Thermodynamics

Heat can be useful, but it can also be annoying. Understanding heat and the flow of heat allows us to build heat sinks that prevent our computers from overheating, build better engines, and prevent freeway overpasses from cracking.
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Electric charge, electric force, and voltage

Electric forces hold together the atoms and molecules in your eyes which allow you to read this sentence. Take a moment and learn about the force that holds our bodies together.
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Circuits

Circuits make computers, digital cameras, and video games possible. Circuits are driving an unprecedented rate of change in how we live. In this topic you’ll learn about the physics behind the electronic devices we use.
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Magnetic forces and magnetic fields

The magnetic field of the Earth shields us from harmful radiation from the Sun. Magnetic fields also allow us to diagnose medical problems using an MRI. In this topic you’ll learn about the force and field that makes this possible.
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Magnetic flux and Faraday’s law

Faraday’s law is how we get electrical power from most power plants and hydroelectric dams. Learn how magnetic flux allows us to turn the mechanical energy of falling water through a dam into electrical energy.
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Mechanical waves and sound

Waves are responsible for basically every form of communication we use. Whether you’re talking out loud, texting on your phone, or waving to someone in a crowd there’s going to be a wave transmitting information. Learn about the basics of waves in this topic, then learn more about light waves in the topics below.
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Light waves

Light can seem mysterious. What is light made out of? What causes color? How do 3D movies work? Learn about some of the mysterious properties of light in these tutorials.
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Geometric optics

Light waves can be bent and reflected to form new and sometimes altered images. Understanding how light rays can be manipulated allows us to create better contact lenses, fiber optic cables, and high powered telescopes.
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Special relativity (sneak peek)

Think you know about time and space? Think again. Einstein basically did a pile driver on all our brains when he came up with his theory of special relativity. Note: This topic is under construction. More videos and materials will be added soon.

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