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Distance of closest approach of two ships problem
Two ships are 10 km apart on a line running south to north. The one farther north is steaming west at 20 km/h. The other is steaming north at 20 km/h. What is their distance of closest approach? How long do they take to reach it?
Asked Gayathri
Solution and Answer:
The main hindrance to solving problem is that students fail to visualize the situation.
Let’s represent the condition using a diagram.
Let the first ship steaming north be named A and the other B. The relative velocity of A with respect to B is 20 √2 south west. If we extend the line along the 45° south west from the initial position of A, the distance of closest approach is the perpendicular drawn from B to this line.
So, the distance of closest appraoch = 10 sin 45° = 10/√2 = 7.07 m
Time taken to reach the distance of closest approach = distance of closest approach / relative speed
= (10/√2)/(20 √2)
= 0.25 h
Human Eye and the Colorful World – An online test
Class X students can practice this online Fill in the Blanks test and get evaluated online instantly. The sentences are taken from NCERT Text Book. This is an excellent way of revising fast.
Click the link below to start
Fill in the Blanks Exercise from Human Eye and the Colorful World
HOTS – HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILL FREE DOWNLOAD

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