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Distance of closest approach of two ships problem

Two ships are 10 km apart on a line running south to north. The one farther north is steaming west at 20 km/h. The other is steaming north at 20 km/h. What is their distance of closest approach? How long do they take to reach it?

Asked Gayathri

Solution and Answer:

The main hindrance to solving problem is that students fail to visualize the situation.

Let’s represent the condition using a diagram.

Let the first ship steaming north be named A and the other B. The relative velocity of A with respect to B is 20 √2 south west.  If we extend the line along the 45° south west from the initial position of A, the distance of closest approach is the perpendicular drawn from B to this line.

So, the distance of closest appraoch = 10 sin 45° = 10/√2 = 7.07 m

Time taken to reach the distance of closest approach = distance of closest approach / relative speed

= (10/√2)/(20 √2)

= 0.25 h

Human Eye and the Colorful World – An online test

Class X students can practice this online Fill in the Blanks test and get evaluated online instantly. The sentences are taken from NCERT Text Book. This is an excellent way of revising fast.

Click the link below to start

Fill in the Blanks Exercise from Human Eye and the Colorful World

HOTS – HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILL FREE DOWNLOAD

Study Material
 
Class X Study materials (HOTS) –  All Subjects


eng.pdf
hindi.pdf
sanskrit.pdf
sanskrit1.pdf
sanskrit_3.pdf
maths.pdf
science.pdf
sst.pdf

 
 
Class XII Study materials (HOTS) –  Science Subjects
PHYSIC
atomic nuclei-hots8f.pdf
communication.pdf
dual nature of matter.pdf
em wave-hots.pdf
semi-conductor.pdf
unit10-communication.pdf
unit1-electrostatics.pdf
unit2-current.pdf
unit3-mag.pdf
unit4-emi.pdf
unit5-emwave.pdf
unit6-optincs.pdf
unit7-dual.pdf
unit9-semiconductor.pdf
CHEMISTRY
chemistry.pdf
MATHEMATICS
ho-maths.pdf
COMP-Sc AND IP
HOTS-COMP-SCIENCE-XII.pdf
HOTS-XII-I.P.pdf
BIOLOGY
UNIT6.pdf
UNIT7.pdf
UNIT8.pdf
UNIT9.pdf
UNIT10.pdf

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