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Please explain what is transformer and tell what is the reason behind the working of transformer that it reduces potenial when current is high and increases potential when current is low?
Explain widely and deeply with concepts.
Transformer is a device based on mutual inductance and is used to change the voltage of alternating (or varying) current. There are two types of transformers – stepup and stepdown.
A step-up transformer increases the voltage as the step-down transformer decreases the ac voltage.
When a transformer changes the alternating voltage, it is not adding any power, it only transforms the voltage.
As power is the product of voltage and current, as voltage increases, the current decreases. (and vice versa)
The following links will help you understand transformers in great detail.
How battery creates potential difference??? …plz give me a detailed description of it.
Posted by Arti.
Potential difference means “Difference in electrical potential. In an electrochemical cell, the potential difference is created by chemical reactions. In a cell there are two electrodes and they are maintained at different potentials by the chemical reactions taking place.
Please refer to the following links for more information.
Let us suppose we have a loop of wire with some definite resistance in a magnetic field. Let the magnetic field be varying. This varying magnetic field will st up an EMF in the wire. My questions are as follows:
1). Energy is dissipated across the wire resistance. Where does this energy come from?
2). The current generated will also generate a varying magnetic field. Will this magnetic field generate another EMF in the loop? Will this go indefinitely?
I wanna ask that in faradays’s first experiment with coil and magnet,when the magnet is moved away from coil the deflection in galvanometer becomes opposite as compared to first case…..what leads to this and if that means direction of current becomes opposite so HOW and WHY the direction of this changes…..plz can you tell me the practical reason of this…..its really confusing me!!!
Answer will be posted soon
(Visitors are welcome to post their response via comments)
Sir,im not understanding how transformer works?while current is going from one station to other we keep high voltage and very less current to decrease power loss but current is proportional to voltage how can u make low current using high voltage?
Asked Avinah Boinepalle
A transformer works on the principle of mutual induction. [mutual induction is the phenomenon of production of emf in a coil due to the change in the strength of current through a neighbouring coil]
Transformers are of two kinds – step up and step down.
A step up transformer converts low voltage (high current) ac to high voltage (low current) ac.
In the case of an ideal transformer, there is no power loss.
In that case,
input power = out power
Vin Iin = Vout Iout
[This equation shows how an increase in output voltage results in a decrease in out put current]
Long distance transmission of ac requires low current as the heat dissipated during transmission is proportional to the square of current.
If we use a step-up transformer , it steps up the voltage and consequently steps down the current so that VI is the same.
In the case of real transformers, there are some power losses within the transformner, however, an increase in output current through mutual induction will essentially result in a decrease in output current.
Hope that the matter is clear now. In case of doubt, please post them as comments to this post.