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Dr. Shashi Tharoor’s Inspirational Speech & Interactions At Sharjah International Book Fair

What is sound ? How does it travel?

What is sound ? How does it travel? (Asked Vivek Patel)

In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.

Shashi Tharoor’s Inspirational speech in the United Nations

“neutron nucleus”

The picture of the atomic nucleus that we are given is that in order for the electrostatic repulsive force of the protons to be “neutralized”, neutrons are required to supply a measure of the “strong” nuclear force to overcome the electrostatic repulsive force. So, why can’t neutrons form their own associations independent of the need for protons? I know “free” neutrons are unstable and decay to protons and electrons, but the half life is about 10 minutes; seems to be plenty of time to form a “neutron nucleus”.

(DAVID KENNEDY posted this)


There are several issues here. If neutrons are together, They are not much different from free neutrons. The force of attraction between two neutrons will be that of gravitational force, which is so feeble and hence insufficient to hold the neutrons together to form a nucleus. If two neutrons are forced to be together, then one of the neutrons will transform to a proton emitting and electron and become a deuterium atom.

Forcing neutrons together will result in the creation of radioactive atoms.

Further references



Suresh Sir from S&G Institute responds:
If neutrons only are there in the nucleus, then, because they are neutral, the only force operating b/w them and atom will be gravity. It will be very weak and “neutron nucleus” cannot exist.

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An independent neutron will split up into proton and electron, because, the splitting is energy feasible. (Mass of neutron is greater than the sum of masses of proton and electron.)
In case of proton – neutron pair, the splitting is not energy feasible. So neutron in pair with proton is more stable.

If a brass plate is inserted between the plates of a capacitor, what happens to the force between the two plates of the capacitor?

If a brass plate is inserted between the plates of a capacitor, what happens to the force between the two plates of the capacitor?

(Question received from FaceBook chat)


The net force will decrease.

Image result for parallel plate capacitor with a metallic slab in between

Which is having more energy – Valence band or Conduction Band?

I want to know which band is having more energy? valence or conduction band?

Asked Sneha Sarkar



The energy corresponding to conductionband is more than that of valence band.

The valence band is simply the outermost electron orbital of an atom of any specific material that electrons actually occupy.

The conduction band is the band of electron orbitals that electrons can jump up into from the valence band when excited.

Maxwell’s equation in cylindrical coordinate system

What is the derivation of cylindrical Maxwell equations.

Asked Dheeraj


Please refer to the following links

Maxwells equation in cylindrical coordinate system

Maxwell equation

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December 2019

Schrodinger’s Cat in Daily Life

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